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The Upanishads are Hindu scriptures that constitute the core teachings of Vedanta. They form the Jnana-Kanda or the portions concerning the knowledge/wisdom of the ultimate principle referred as Brahman.

The term Upanishad derives from upa- (nearby), ni- (at the proper place, down) and sad, that is "sitting down near" a teacher in order to receive instruction. The most important upanishads that are commented by the founders all major schools of 'sanathana dharma' are Chandogya, Brihadaranyaka, Mandukya, Mundaka, Katha, Kena, Isa, Aitareya, Taittiriya, Prasna and Svetasvatara Upanishads.

The Upanishads speak of a universal spirit (Brahman) and of an individual soul (Atman),and assert the identity of both. Brahman is the ultimate, both transcendent and immanent, the absolute infinite existence, the sum total of all that ever is, was, or shall be. The mystical nature and intense philosophical bent of the Upanishads has led to their explication in numerous manners, giving birth to three main schools (advaita, visishtadvaita and dwaita) of Vedanta.


 Articles on Upanishads
» Mandukya Upanishad with Gaudapada Karika
» Tat Tvam Asi (That Thou Art) Teaching from Chandogya Upanishad
» Mandukya Upanishad - Slokas, Translation and Summary
» The Isavasya Upanishad - Summary - Part 2
» The Isavasya Upanishad - Summary
» What are Upanishads, Brahmanas, Samhitas and Aranyakas?
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